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"A really good practitioner never stops learning and is never qualified as there is always something more to learn."

Diana Mossop

About The Human Abdomen

The addomen is the whole area of 'so below' the thorax. in the Heart Lock Theory we regard trauma in the adomen to be the physical manifestation of spirutual and emotional issues which affect us throughout our lives.


Emotional Situations Related To The Human Abdomen

Jejunum the U bend of the Duodenum and the beginning of the Small Intestine

Physical Situations Related To The Human Abdomen

Mental Physical: the iliocoecal valve and the Physical trauma in the Sigmoid of the Colon

Spiritual Situations Related To The Human Abdomen

Sphinctre of Oddi Vatus Ampulla

Abdominal Aorta

The branches of the abdominal aorta may be divided into three sets: the visceral branches, which supply the organs in the abdomen, renals, testicles and ovaries; the parietal branches, which supply the diaphragm from below and the posterior abdominal walls; and the terminal branches, which descend to supply the organs of the pelvis, the pelvic wall and the paired common iliacs which supply the lower extremities.

Abdominal Aorta

The branches of the abdominal aorta may be divided into three sets: the visceral branches, which supply the organs in the abdomen, renals, testicles and ovaries; the parietal branches, which supply the diaphragm from below and the posterior abdominal walls; and the terminal branches, which descend to supply the organs of the pelvis, the pelvic wall and the paired common iliacs which supply the lower extremities.

Abdominal Oblique Muscles

The "external abdominal oblique muscle" lies on the sides and front of the abdomen and is the largest and the most superficial of the three flat muscles in this area. It is broad, thin and irregularly four-sided and occupies the lateral walls of the abdomen, stretching across to the front. Both sides, acting together, flex the vertebral column by drawing the pubis toward the xiphoid process (the smallest of the three parts of the breastbone). One side also bends the vertebral column sideways and rotates it, bringing the shoulder of that side forward. The "internal abdominal oblique muscle" is also irregularly four-sided in form and lies under the external oblique muscle. Both sides, acting together, flex the vertebral column, drawing cartilages down toward the pubis. One side acting alone bends the vertebral column sideways, rotating it to bring the shoulder of the opposite side forward. Both of the abdominal oblique muscles work to compress abdominal contents, assist in the digestive process and in forced expiration.

Abdominal Veins and Arteries

Veins usually carry blood straight to the atria of the heart, but those of the abdominal tissues are exceptions. These come from networks in the stomach, intestines, pancreas, and spleen, and carry blood from these organs through a "portal vein" to the liver. There, the blood enters capillarylike "hepatic sinusoids," called the "hepatic portal system." The tributaries of the portal vein include (1) the right and left "gastric veins" from the stomach; (2) the "superior mesenteric vein" from the small intestine, ascending colon, and transverse colon, and (3) the "splenic vein" from a number of merging veins from the spleen, pancreas, and part of the stomach. Its largest tributary is the "inferior mesenteric vein," which brings blood up from the descending colon, sigmoid colon, and the rectum. After passing through the portal veins of the liver, blood is carried through a series of merging vessels into the "hepatic veins." These empty into the "inferior vena cava," and return the blood into circulation. The corresponding arteries of the same names are taking oxygenated blood to these sites in paths parallel to those of the veins.

Intestines

The intestines are divided into two major segments - the small intestine and the large intestine, and like the entire gastrointestinal system, consists of five layers of tissue - the serosa or outer-most layer, the circular muscle and the longitudinal muscle which are the layers responsible for the wave-like muscular contraction of smooth muscle known as peristalsis, the submucosa, and the mucosa which contains roughly four million microscopic finger-like projections called intestinal villi which because of their shape, can increase surface area for digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Large Intestine

The large intestine, or colon, consists of ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid portions. The ascending portion extends from the cecum superiorly along the right abdominal wall to the inferior surface of the liver and bends sharply at a right angle to the left at a curve called the hepatic flexure. From there, it crosses the abdominal cavity as the transverse colon to the left abdominal wall at the splenic flexure and begins the descending colon which traverses inferiorly along the left abdominal wall to the pelvic region. The colon then forms an angle medially from the pelvis to form an s-shaped curve called the sigmoid colon. The last few inches of the colon is the rectum which is a storage site for solid waste which leaves the body by way of an external opening called the anus, controlled by muscles called sphincters. Substances which have not been absorbed in the small intestine enter the large intestine in the form of liquid and fiber. The large intestine or "bowel" is sometimes called the "garbage dump" of the body, because the materials that reach it are of very small use to the body and are sent on to be disposed of. The first half of the colon absorbs fluids and recycles them into the blood stream. The second half compacts the wastes into feces, secretes mucus which binds the substances, and lubricates it to protect the colon and ease its passage. Of the two to two and one-half gallons of food and liquids taken in by the average adult, only about twelve ounces of waste enters the large intestine. Feces are comprised of about three quarters water. The remainder is protein, fat, undigested food roughage, dried digestive juices, cells shed by the intestine, and dead bacteria. A common disorder of the large intestine is inflammation of the appendix, or appendicitis. Waste that accumulates in the appendix cannot be moved easily by peristalsis since the appendix has only one opening. The symptoms of appendicitis include muscular rigidity, localized pain in the right lower quarter of the abdomen, and vomiting. The chief danger of appendicitis is that is may rupture and empty its contents of fecal matter and waste into the abdominal cavity producing an extremely serious condition called peritonitis.

Stomach

A hollow, sac-like organ connected to the esophagus and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine), the stomach consists of layers of muscle and nerves that continue the breakdown of food which begins in the mouth. It is also a storage compartment, which enables us to eat only two or three meals a day. If this weren't possible, we would have to eat about every twenty minutes. The average adult stomach stretches to hold from two to three pints and produces approximately the same amount of gastric juices every twenty-four hours. The stomach has several functions: (1) as a storage bin, holding a meal in the upper portion and releasing it a little at a time into the lower portion for processing; (2) as a food mixer, the strong muscles contract and mash the food into a sticky, slushy mass; (3) as a sterilizing system, where the cells in the stomach produce an acid which kills germs in "bad" food; (4) as a digestive tub, the stomach produces digestive fluid which splits and cracks the chemicals in food to be distributed as fuel for the body. The process of digestion is triggered by the sight, smell or taste of food, so that the stomach is prepared when the food arrives. Every time you pass a bakery shop or smell your mother's good cooking, the body begins a digestive process. If the stomach is not filled, these gastric juices begin eroding the stomach lining itself, so fill 'er up!

The information on this website is provided for information purposes only and is not intended or recommended as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your doctor/physician or other qualified health care provider regarding any medical condition or treatment. Some or all of the information on this page may be supplied by a third-party and not controlled by the DianaMossop.com website or authors and is therefore is not the responsibility of the DianaMossop.com website or its authors.

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