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"Every patient teaches you something new and important."

Diana Mossop

About The Human Teeth

A tooth is a hard structure, set in the upper or lower jaw, that is used for chewing food. Teeth also give shape to the face and aid in the process of speaking clearly. The enamel that covers the crown the part above the gum in each tooth can be broken down by acids produced by the mouth for digestive purposes. This process is called "decay". To prevent decay, good oral hygiene, consisting of daily brushing and flossing, is necessary. The hardest substance in the human body is one of the four kinds of tissue which make up the tooth. It is enamel and covers the crown area above the gum line of the tooth. A bony material called "cementum" covers the root, which fits into the jaw socket and is joined to it with membranes. "Dentin" is found under the enamel and the cementum, and this material forms the largest part of the tooth. At the heart of each tooth is living "pulp," which contains nerves, connective tissues, blood vessels and lymphatics. When a person gets a toothache, the pulp is what hurts.


Tartar

Tartar is a collection of salivary gland minerals that forms a hard layer on the teeth. It is due to plaque build-up.

Tooth

A tooth is a hard structure, set in the upper or lower jaw, that is used for chewing food. Teeth also give shape to the face and aid in the process of speaking clearly. The enamel that covers the crown (the part above the gum) in each tooth can be broken down by acids produced by the mouth for digestive purposes. This process is called "decay". To prevent decay, good oral hygiene, consisting of daily brushing and flossing, is necessary. The hardest substance in the human body is one of the four kinds of tissue which make up the tooth. It is enamel and covers the crown (area above the gum line) of the tooth. A bony material called "cementum" covers the root, which fits into the jaw socket and is joined to it with membranes. "Dentin" is found under the enamel and the cementum, and this material forms the largest part of the tooth. At the heart of each tooth is living "pulp," which contains nerves, connective tissues, blood vessels and lymphatics. When a person gets a toothache, the pulp is what hurts.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is an erosion of the surface of the teeth, usually the enamel, and is most often due to food or bacteria collecting on the surface of the tooth.

Tooth Development

Primary ("baby") teeth usually appear between the ages of six months and three years and start to be replaced at about six years of age. During "teething," a baby may be irritable, fretful, clinging, have difficulty in sleeping and may cry more than is usual. Extra saliva may cause the child to dribble and a baby tends to chew on anything he or she can hold. The gum may become red and swollen and the cheeks may be warm and red in the area in which the tooth is coming out. We are born with the beginning of our permanent teeth already in place under the gums below the primary teeth. To neglect baby teeth is to invite a lifetime of dental problems, because as a child matures, the baby teeth guide the growth and development of the jawbones and of the permanent teeth. If the primary teeth are lost too early, the jaw may not develop correctly and the permanent teeth may come in crooked or overcrowded. Adult teeth form very slowly and push up through the gums when they are fully formed. Permanent "molars" (grinding teeth) appear behind the primary premolars, where a child has no teeth at all. Eight bicuspids dislodge and take up the space of the eight primary molars, and adult incisors and cuspids (sharp, chisel-shaped, biting teeth) replace baby teeth of the same kind. When baby teeth fall out, the roots are absorbed into the gums. The first permanent teeth are frequently known as "six-year-molars," because they appear at around that age. The process of shedding baby teeth begins at about that time too, with the front teeth as the first to go. The upper canines are the last baby teeth to be lost. By the age of eleven to thirteen, twenty-eight permanent teeth are usually in place. The four additional adult, or "wisdom," teeth appear several years later; or, sometimes, they do not appear at all.

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The information on this website is provided for information purposes only and is not intended or recommended as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your doctor/physician or other qualified health care provider regarding any medical condition or treatment. Some or all of the information on this page may be supplied by a third-party and not controlled by the DianaMossop.com website or authors and is therefore is not the responsibility of the DianaMossop.com website or its authors.

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