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About The Human Urinary System

The information on this page is about the human urinary system and where applicable other body parts that are associated or related to the urinary system.


Urinary Bladder

The bladder is a hollow muscular organ that acts as a reservoir for urine. The adult bladder can hold a pint or more of fluid. It lies behind the pubic bone and is protected by the pelvis. The bladder walls are made up of muscle and an inner lining. At the back are two ureters which carry the urine from the kidneys. The bladder collects and stores urine until it can be expelled from the body.

Urinary Tract

The structure of the urinary tract includes: the kidneys, two ureters, (tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder,) and the urethra, a tube leading from the bladder to the exterior of the body. The urinary tract is a little like a plumbing system, with special pipes that allow water and salts to flow through them. The kidneys make up a filter system for the blood, reabsorbing almost 99%% of the fluid into the blood, and sending only two to four pints of waste (urine) into the bladder for storage until it can be disposed of. The kidneys allow the blood to keep glucose, salts and minerals after cleansing it of poisonous materials which will be passed out in the urinary tract. Urine is produced in the kidneys and trickles down twenty-four hours a day through two ten to twelve inch long tubes called ureters, which connect the kidneys to the bladder. The ureters are about one-fourth inch in diameter and their muscular walls contract to make waves of movement to force the urine into the bladder. The bladder is expandable and stores the urine until it can be conveniently disposed of. It also closes openings into the ureters so that urine cannot flow back into the kidneys. The tube through which the urine flows out of the body is called the urethra. Did you know that less than half of one single kidney can do all the work that two kidneys usually do?

The information on this website is provided for information purposes only and is not intended or recommended as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your doctor/physician or other qualified health care provider regarding any medical condition or treatment. Some or all of the information on this page may be supplied by a third-party and not controlled by the DianaMossop.com website or authors and is therefore is not the responsibility of the DianaMossop.com website or its authors.

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